Computers have become mandatory to run a successful businesses. It is not enough to have isolated computers systems; they need to be networked to facilitate communication with external businesses. This exposes them to the outside world and cybercrime. Cybercrime is using computers to commit fraudulent acts such as fraud, privacy invasion, stealing corporate/personal data etc.Cybercrimes cost many organizations millions of dollars every year. Businesses need to protect themselves against such attacks.
There are many definitions of hacking. In this article, we will define hacking as identifying weakness in computer systems and/or networks and exploiting the weaknesses to gain access. An example of hacking is using by passing the login algorithm to gain access to a system. A hacker is a person who finds and exploits weakness in computer systems and/or networks to gain access. Hackers are usually skilled computer programmers with knowledge of computer security.
Before we go any further, let’s look at some of the most commonly used terminologies in the world of hacking.